A Morning and an Evening Service (Charles William Hempel)
Charles William Hempel's collection A Morning and Evening Service is described on the title page as 'Consisting of Chants, Te Deum Laudamus, Jubilate Deo, Kyrie Eleeson, Magnificat & Nunc Dimittis, ALSO TWENTY ORIGINAL MELODIES Adapted to Selected Portions of THE PSALMS of DAVID, AND TWO Anthems, One from the 25th Psalm & the other from the Burial Service'.
The collection was 'Composed & with the greatest deference Dedicated (by Permission) to THE HONBLE & RIGHT REVD The Lord Bishop of Lincoln' (i.e. George Pelham): it was published by subscription by H. Falkner of 3, Old Bond Street, London.
A fullly written-out keyboard accompaniment is provided throughout the work (described on the title page as 'a Separate Accompaniment for the Organ or Piano Forte', although in the psalm tunes this largely doubles the vocal parts.
Publication date and place: 1821 by Falkner in London.
The following review of the book was published on pages 225-226 in Vol. III, No. 10 of The Quarterly Musical Magazine and Review (second quarter of 1821):
'A Morning and Evening Service, consisting of Chants, Te Deum Laudamus, Jubilate Deo, Kyrie Eleeson, Magnificat, and Nunc Dimittis; also Twenty Organ Melodies, adapted to selected parts of the Psalms of David, and Two Anthems, by Charles W. Hempel, Organist of St. Mary's, Truro. London. Falkner.
The style of Mr. Hempel's compositions, though modern, is chaste, the melody is flowing, and the parts sing well, if perhaps we make a slight reservation against an apparent predilection for chromatic passages in the bass, for which nevertheless Mr. H. may plead the powerful authority of Mozart. His work begins with three Chants (in the second of which, by the way, there are consecutive fifths,) which are solemn and impressive. There are followed by the Te Deum, in the key of C, with a major third. On the words "Holy, holy, holy," the modulation is not common and the effect beautiful. Upon the sentence "of thy glory," are transitions which we first observed in a Canzonet of Haydn. "When thou hadst overcome," is a double chromatic passage, in the Italian manner; and the words "Ever, ever," are a transcript of the well known musical phrase in the chorus of "The heavens are telling," in the Creation. We do not however mention these things as derogating at all from the composer, for they are obviously introduced like classical quotations into prose writing, to give the double force of allusion as well as natural grace.
The Jubilate is well set, the Kyrie solemn and pathetic. Thee are followed by three more good Chants. The Magnificat is in the key of E flat. There are passages excellent in point of modulation, in both this and the Nunc Dimittis, which is very pleasing. There is however one in the latter which is objectionable, a diminished fifth resolved (instead of descending) into a fifth upwards, and this in the extreme parts. The Psalms are generally very good. "Unto thee, O God," a full anthem, is above mediocrity. In the last bar but one, at the bottom of the page, is this combination,
B♭ A E♮ B C♯ C♮ G F
Now evidently the radical bass of the first chord is C, with a flat 7th and a flat 9th; therefore the C♯ should have been written D♭. Sharps are resolved upwards, but here C♯ is resolved downwards. The Funeral Anthem opens with an excellent and solemn symphony and the words "Man that is born of a woman," are set with much feeling. The following words, "In the midst of life we are in death," are worthy of praise. The solo, "For they rest," is a sweet and expressive movement; and the whole anthem does the author credit.
In several passages of his service Mr. Hempel disregards the rule which regulates the resolution of the seventh. There are very many ascending sevenths - this is directly against a classical canon; at least so says Kollman, whose theory has not yet been confuted, nor do we think it likely that a more perspicuous system will soon appear.'
H. P. Andrew, Esq., Bodrean, near Truro.
Major-General Mackelcan, Truro.
List of works
|1||Morning Service||[Three chants in C, without texts]|
|2-13||Te Deum Laudamus||We praise thee, O God|
|14-19||Jubilate Deo||O be joyful in the Lord, all ye lands|
|19-20||Kyrie Eleeson||Lord have mercy upon us|
|20||Doxology Between the Epistle and the Gospel||Glory be to thee, O Lord|
|21||Evening Service||[Three chants in Eb, without texts]|
|22-28||Magnificat||My soul doth magnify the Lord|
|29-33||Nunc Dimittis||Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart|
|34-35||Psalm 90. Verses 3. 4. 5 & 6.||Thou turnest man, O Lord, to dust|
|36||Psalm 6. Verses 1. 2. 3 & 4.||Thy dreadful anger, Lord, restrain|
|37||Psalm 9. Verses 7. 9. 10 & 11.||The Lord for ever lives, who has|
|38||Psalm 16. Verses 8. 9. 10 & 11.||I strive each action to approve|
|39||Psalm 98. Verses 1. 2. 3 & 4.||Sing to the Lord a new-made song|
|40||Psalm 25. Verses 17. 18. 19 & 20.||The sorrows of my heart|
|41||Psalm 71. Verses 1. 3. 4 & 6.||In thee I put my steadfast trust|
|42||Psalm 24. Verses 7. 8. 9 & 10.||Erect your heads, eternal gates|
|43||Psalm 86. Verses 6. 8. 9 & 10.||To my repeated humble prayer|
|44||Psalm 19. Verses 7. 8. 9 & 10.||God's perfect law converts the soul|
|45||Psalm 119. Verses 169. 170. 171 & 172.||To my request and earnest cry|
|46||Psalm 92. Verses 6. 7 & 8.||How wondrous are thy works, O Lord|
|47||Psalm 8. Verses 1 & 2.||O thou to whom all creatures bow|
|48||Psalm 94. Verses 12. 13. 14 & 15.||Blest is the man whom thou, O Lord|
|49||Psalm 36. Verses 5. 7. 8 & 9.||O Lord thy mercy, my sure hope|
|50||Psalm 103. Verses 8. 9. 11 & 12.||The Lord abounds with tender love|
|51||Psalm 112. Verses 1. 3. & 7.||That man is blest who stands in awe|
|52-53||Psalm 37. Verses 23. 25 & 27.||The good man's way is God's delight|
|54-55||Psalm 15. Verses 1. 2 & 3.||Lord, who's the happy man that may|
|56||Psalm 43. Verses 1. 2. 3 & 4.||Just judge of heav'n, against my foes|
|57-65||Full Anthem. Psalm 25. Ver. 1. 3. 7. 8 & 9.||Unto thee, O Lord, will I lift up my soul|
|66-76||Funeral Anthem. From the Burial Service.||Man that is born of a woman|