Cantigas de Santa Maria

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General information

The Cantigas de Santa Maria ("Canticles of Holy Mary") are 420 poems with musical notation, written in the Medieval Galician-Portuguese language, in the reign of Alfonso X of Castile and Leon (1221–1284), and often attributed to him.

Publication date and place: ca. 1265 – Manuscript.

It is one of the largest collections of monophonic (solo) songs from the Middle Ages and is characterized by the mention of the Virgin Mary in every song, while every tenth song is a hymn.

The Cantigas have survived in four manuscript codices: two at El Escorial, one at Madrid's National Library, and one in Florence, Italy. The E codex from El Escorial is illuminated with colored miniatures showing pairs of musicians playing a wide variety of instruments. The Códice Rico (T) from El Escorial and the one in the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale of Florence (F) are richly illuminated with narrative vignettes.

View the Wikipedia article on Cantigas de Santa Maria.

List of works

CSM. Title Parts Composer
4 A Madre do que livrou dos 1 Anonymous
47 Virgen Santa Maria 4 Alfonso el Sabio
100 Santa Maria, strela do dia 4 Alfonso el Sabio
124 O que pola Virgen leixa 4 Alfonso el Sabio
282 Par Deus muit'á gran vertude 1 Alfonso el Sabio
353 Quen a omagen da Virgen 1 Alfonso el Sabio