Garci Sánchez de Badajoz
Born: c. 1460, Ecija, province of Seville
Died: after 1524
Spanish poet, vihuelist and composer. He was one of the leading Castilian poets of the generation of Juan del Encina; one of his poems received a response by Pedro de Cartagena, who died in 1485. His poetic style, quick-witted sallies and ingenious conceits were praised long after his death by Lope de Vega and Baltasar Gracián. His poetry is characterized by a desperate amatory vein in which suffering and death are always present. He is last recorded attending an imperial feast in Toledo in 1525.
The Cancionero General contains eight poems attributed to ‘Badajoz el músico’, and there are five villancicos and three canciones ascribed to ‘Badajoz’ in the Cancionero Musical de Palacio. Literary scholars have supposed that the poet-musician was to be identified with João de Badajós, who was listed as a músico da camera of João III of Portugal in 1558. But Román referred to Garci Sánchez de Badajoz as the best vihuelist from the time of Ferdinand and Isabella, and João de Badajós' dates are a generation too late. Garci Sánchez is therefore much more likely to be the poet and composer referred to in the Cancionero General and the Cancionero Musical de Palacio; he may well be the composer of eight further villancicos whose poems are ascribed either to Garci Sánchez de Badajoz or to Badajoz el músico. Two villancicos by Garci Sánchez were set by Escobar and one by Peñalosa.
Badajóz el músico, five of whose villancicos, with three canciónes, are included in the Cancionero Musical de Palacio of the Spanish court.
List of choral works
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