Gradualia I (William Byrd)

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The first volume of Byrd’s two-volume compilation of music for the major feasts of the Church’s calendar was published in 1605. The extreme rarity of surviving copies of this first edition is perhaps explained by the events of November of that year, after which simply the possession of a copy of this music could have been construed as a treasonable offence. A second edition was issued in 1610, when the domestic political situation had become more secure for Roman Catholics. Byrd had long since retired from London to the rural surroundings of Stondon Massey, Essex, where the recusant group based around the Petre family at Ingatestone would have been the primary recipients of this music.

Publication date and place: 1605 by Thomas East in London

The first volume of the Gradualia serves the Marian feasts (explicitly the Purification, Annunciation, Assumption and Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, as well as the Conception, Visitation and Presentation) and the Votive Masses of the BVM throughout the year; All Saints, Corpus Christi and Votive Mass of the Blessed Sacrament. Also included are settings of miscellaneous non-liturgical sacred texts, a group of Marian hymns from the Primer and one of office music for Easter and Holy Week.

Gradualia II covers Christmas, Epiphany, Easter & Corpus Christi.

For 5 voices

  1. Suscepimus Deus
  2. Sicut audivimus
  3. Senex puerum portabat
  4. Nunc dimittis
  5. Responsum accepit Simeon
6. Salve sancta parens
7. Benedicta et venerabilis
8. Virgo Dei genitrix
9. Felix es sacra Virgo Maria
10. Beata es Virgo Maria
11. Beata viscera
12. Rorate cæli
13. Tollite portas
14. Ave Maria
15. Ecce virgo concipiet
16. Vultum tuum
17. Speciosus forma
18. Post partum Virgo
19. Felix namque es
20. Alleluia. Ave Maria - Virga Jesse
21. Gaude Maria
  • In Annunci. B. Maria
22. Diffusa est gratia - Propter veritatem - Vultum tuum
23. Gaudeamus omnes
24. Assumpta est Maria
25. Optimam partem elegit
29. Gaudeamus omnes
30. Timete Dominum
31. Justorum animæ
32. Beati mundo corde

For 4 voices

  1. Cibavit eos
  2. Oculi omnium
  3. Sacerdotes Domini
  4. Quotiescunque manducabitis
  5. Ave verum corpus
  6. O salutaris hostia
  7. O sacrum convivium
  8. Pange lingua gloriosi
  9. Ecce quam bonum
  10. Christus resurgens
  11. Visita quaesumus
  12. Salve Regina
  13. Alma redemptoris mater
  14. Ave Regina coelorum
  15. In manus tuas
  16. Laetania
  17. Salve sola Dei genitrix
  18. Senex puerum portabat
  19. Hodie beata Virgo
  20. Deo gratias

For 3 voices

  1. Quem terra, pontus, aethera
  2. O gloriosa Domina
  3. Memento salutis auctor
  4. Ave maris stella
  5. Regina coeli laetare
  6. Alleluia. Vespere autem Sabbathi
  7. Haec dies
  8. Angelus Domini descendit
  9. Post dies octo - Mane nobiscum
  10. Passio Domini nostri Jesu Christi secundum Johannem
  11. Adorna thalamum tuum