Southern Harmony

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Title page, 1835
Title page of First Edition

General Information

William Walker's Southern Harmony, first published in 1835, is one of the most important and influential books of American music. Walker says in his 1835 Preface,

"I have composed the parts to a great many good airs (which I could not find in any publication, nor in manuscript) and assigned my name as the author. I have also composed several tunes wholly, and inserted them in this work, which also bear my name."

In 1846, Walker published The Southern and Western Pocket Harmonist, Intended as an Appendix to the Southern Harmony. It was dated 1845, but actually published in early 1846.

Citations

  • Walker, William. 1835. The Southern Harmony, and Musical Companion: Containing a Choice Collection of Tunes, Hymns, Psalms, Odes and Anthems: Selected From the Most Eminent Authors in the United States, Together with Nearly One Hundred New Tunes, Which Have Never Before Been Published; Suited to Most Of the Metres Contained in Watts’ Hymns and Psalms, Mercer’s Cluster, Dossey’s Choice, Dover Selection, Methodist Hymn Book and Baptist Harmony; and Well Adapted to Christian Churches of Every Denomination, Singing Schools and Private Societies. Spartansburg, South Carolina: William Walker. Printed by Nathan Whiting, New Haven, Connecticut. i-xxxii + 216 pp.
  • Walker, William. 1846. The Southern and Western Pocket Harmonist: Intended as an Appendix to the Southern Harmony; Embracing the Principal Hymns, Songs, Choruses, and Revival Tunes, Usually Sung at Protracted and Campmeetings of Different Denominations of Christians Throughout the Southern and Western States; Also, a Number of Choice Pieces for the Church and Social Singing Societies; To Which Is Prefixed, A Concise Introductory to the Grounds of Music. Philadelphia: Charles Desilver. G. G. Evans. New York: D. W. Evans & Co.—Cincinnati: W. B. Smith & Co. Savannah : J. M. Cooper & Co.—Richmond : A. Morris. 1845.

Short Title:

Editions

First Edition

Publication date and place: 1835 by William Walker in Spartansburg, South Carolina
Publisher(s): Spartansburg, S. C.: William Walker
Preface: September 1835
Copyright: 1835, Connecticut
Printer: New Haven, Conn.: Nathan Whiting
Pagination: Introduction & Indexes i-xxxii, Music 1-136, 139-146, 145-216
Total Pages (pdf): 248
Notes: Eskew Ed. 1

Second Edition

Publication date and place: 1837 by Burdett, Walker, and Company in Spartansburg, South Carolina – Edition 2
Publisher(s): Spartansburg, S. C.: Burdett, Walker, and Company
Preface: September 1835
Copyright: 1835, Connecticut
Printer: Philadelphia: T. K. and P. G. Collins. "Stereotyped by L. Johnson, Philadelphia."
Pagination: Introduction i-xxx, Music 1-216, Indexes 217-218
Total Pages:
Notes: "Second edition, corrected and improved." Not seen by Eskew; described by D. Music (2012)


Third Edition

Publication date and place: 1838 by William Walker in Spartansburg, South Carolina – Edition 3
Publisher(s): William Walker
Preface: September 1835
Copyright: 1835, Connecticut
Printer: Philadelphia: T. K. and P. G. Collins
Pagination: Introduction i-xxx, Music 1-216, Indexes 217-218
Total Pages:
Notes: "Stereotype Edition, Corrected and Improved." Eskew, "variant of the first edition."


Fourth Edition

Publication date and place: 1840 by Thomas, Cowperthwait and Company in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – Edition 4
Publisher(s): Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait and Co. and Spartansburg: William Walker
Preface: September 1835
Copyright: 1835, Connecticut
Printer: Philadelphia: T. K. and P. G. Collins
Pagination: Introduction 1-xxxii, Music 5-230, Indexes 231-232
Total Pages:
Notes: "Whole number of pages 264." Eskew Ed. 2. Reprinted 1843, 1844, 1845

Fifth Edition

Publication date and place: 1847 by Thomas, Cowperthwait and Company in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – Edition 5
Publisher(s): Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait and Co. and Spartansburg: William Walker
Preface: January 1847
Copyright: 1847, Eastern Pennsylvania
Printer:
Pagination: Introduction i-xxxiii, Music 1-272
Total Pages: 304
Notes: "New Edition, Thoroughly Revised and Greatly Improved." Eskew Ed. 3.


Sixth Edition

Publication date and place: 1847 by E. W. Miller in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – Edition 6
Publisher(s): Philadelphia: E. W. Miller; Spartansburg: William Walker
Preface: January 1847
Copyright: 1847, Eastern Pennsylvania
Printer:
Pagination: The Gamut, or Rudiments iv-xxxii, music 1-216 and 249-302, indexes 303-304
Total Pages: 304
Notes: "New Edition, Improved and Enlarged." Eskew Ed. 4. Reprinted 1850, 1851.


Seventh Edition

Publication date and place: 1854 by E. W. Miller in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – Edition 7
Publisher(s): Philadelphia: E. W. Miller
Preface: July 1854
Copyright: 1847, Eastern Pennsylvania
Printer:
Pagination: The Gamut, or Rudiments iv-xxxii, music 1-216 and 249-334, Indexes 335-336
Total Pages: 336
Notes: "Revised Edition." Eskew Ed. 5.

References

  • Eskew, Harry. 1986. William Walker's "Southern Harmony": Its Basic Editions. Latin American Music Review 7(2):137-148.
  • Imler, James R. 2007. The Legacy of William Walker’s Southern Harmony: Tunes and Arrangements From a Nineteenth-Century American Tune Book. Thesis, University of South Carolina, School of Music.
  • Music, David W. 2012. The Second Edition (1837) of William Walker's the Southern Harmony. American Music Research Center Journal 21:93-99.
  • Steel, David Warren, and Richard H. Hulan. 2010. The Makers of the Sacred Harp. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press. 322 pp.

External Links

Table 1. Pages for all tunes in Southern Harmony, 1835-1854 (Including Southern and Western Pocket Harmonist, 1846)

Printable version of this table (pdf):  .
Tune 1835 1837 1838 1840 1846 1847 1854
Abington 22
Address for All, An 147 99
Alabama 116 116 116 116 116 116
Albion 23a 23a 23a 23a 23a 23a
All Is Well 306
Alton 106
America 27a 27a 27a 27a 27a 27a
Amherst 330b
Amity 282 311b
Animation, 7.6. 85 85 85 85 85
Animation, 8.7. 135
Antioch 316
Arlington 13 285a 285a
Aylesbury 281a 281a
Azmon 181a
Babe of Bethlehem, The 78 78 78 78 78 78
Babel's Streams 52 52 52 52 52 52
Babylonian Captivity 164 164 164 164 164 164
Backslider, The 89
Ballerma 267a 267a
Ballstown 162 162 162 162 162 162
Band of Love, The 135
Banquet of Love, The 26 26 26 26 26
Behold the Lamb of God 320
Believer and His Soul 148
Benevento 317
Bible Treasure 80
Blissful Place, The 116
Blue Bird, The 153 153 153 153 153
Bound for Canaan 193a
Bound to Die in His Army 159
Boundless Mercy 27
Bower of Prayer 100 70
Bozrah 39a 39a 39a 39a 39a 39a
Brewer 32
Bridgetown 68
Bruce's Address 132 132 132 132 132 132
Canon 19b 19b 19b 19b 19b 19b
Captain Kidd 50 50 50 50 50 50
Carolina 15
Charlestown 23b 23b 23b 23b 23b 23b
Cheerful 91 91 91 91 91 91
Cherokee 161
China 82 276b 276b
Chorus 111a
Christian Delight 43
Christian Mariner, The 156
Christian Prospect 132 323
Christian Soldier 95 95 95 95 95 95
Christian Soldier, C. M. 45 45 45 45 45 45
Christian Song 129 129 129 129 129 129
Christian Warfare, The 37 37 37 37 37 37
Christian's Conflicts, The 131 131 131 131 131 131
Christian's Farewell, The 48 334
Christian's Hope, The 74 74 74 74 74 74
Christian, The 26
Christians, Praise Him 128
Chrystler's Field 120
Claremont 183 183 183 183 183 183b
Columbia 154 154 154 154 154
Columbus 55 55 55 55 55 55
Come Ye to the Waters 122
Come and Taste with Me 112 105
Come, Weary Souls 29
Come, Ye Disconsolate 294 331a
Communion 10b 10b 10b 10b
Complainer 18 18 18 18 18 18
Concord 46 321
Condescension 73 312a
Confidence 33 33 33 33 17 33 33
Confidence in God 91
Consolation 17b 17b 17b 17b 17b 17b
Consolation New 58 58 58 58 58 58
Contented Soldier 167 314
Converse with God 101
Converted Thief, The 9 9 9 9 9 9
Cookham 8b 8b 8b 8b 8b 8b
Coronation 96 299 299
Cross of Christ 35a
Crucifixion 25a 25a 25a 25a 25a 25a
David's Lamentation 189 213 213 213 213 213
David's Victory 34
Davis 15 15 15 15 15 15
Day of Judgment 84b 84b 84b 84b 84b 84b
Dayspring 40 315
Deep Spring 56
Delight 167 167
Delight, 7,6. 102 102 102 102 102 102
Delight, P. M. 167 167 167 167 167 167
Derrick 199
Detroit 40a 40a 40a 40a 40a 40a
Devotion 13b 13b 13b 13b 13b 13b
Disciple 123
Distress 22b 22b 22b 22b 22b 22b
Dove of Peace 89a
Drummond 196
Dublin 13a 13a 13a 13a 13a 13a
Dudley 218 250 250
Duke Street 291a 291a
Dunlap's Creek 63 276a 276a
Earliest Love 41
Easter Anthem 190 189 189 189 189 189
Eden of Love 309
Edom 177 177 177 177 177 177
Elevation 85
Eltham 307
Elysian 100 100 100 100 100 100
Elysian Plain 36b
Essay 223 255 255
Eton 181b
Evening Hymn 18a
Evening Meditation 99 99 99 99 99
Evening Shade 46 46 46 46 46 46
Everlasting Song, The 74
Exhilaration 54
Exhortation 99
Experience 84
Exultation 88 88 88 88 88 88
Fairfield 48b 48b 48b 48b 48b 48b
Faithful Soldier 122 122 122 122 122 122
Family Bible, The 20 20 20 20 20 20
Farewell 81 81 81 81 81 81
Farewell Anthem 214 214 214 214 214 214
Female Convict, A 160 160 160 160 160
Female Pilgrim, The 149
Fiducia 92a 92a 92a 92a 92a 92a
Florida 120 120 120 120 120 120
Flower, The 139
Fount of Glory 325
French Broad 265 265
Friendly Warning 24
Friendship, 8.6.8.6. 98
Friendship, L. M. 123 123 123 123 123
Friendship, P. M. 172 172 172 172 172
Funeral Anthem 187 187 187 187 187 187
Funeral Thought 225 257 257
Ganges 76
Garden Hymn 90 90 90 90 90 90
General Index xxxi 217 217 231 175 303 335
Georgia 72a 72a 72a 72a 72a 72a
Glasgow 295 295
Good Old Way, The 156 156 156 156 156 156
Good Physician, The 49 49 49 49 49 49
Good Shepherd, The 14
Gospel Tidings 273 273
Gospel Trumpet 145 271a 271a
Green Fields 71 71 71 71 71 71
Greenfield 121 121 121 121 121 121
Greenland 332
Hail, Columbia 143 141 141 141 141 141
Hallelujah 141 139 139 139 139 139
Hallelujah, C. M. 107 107 107 107 107 107
Hanover 4b 4b 4b 4b 4b 4b
Happiness 40b 40b 40b 40b 40b 40b
Happy Land 89b
Happy Time 94
Harmony 7s. 55
Harmony L.M.D. 54 54 54 54 54
Harpeth 112 112 112 112 112
Harwell 192
Heavenly Armor 93 93 93 93 93 93
Heavenly Home 150
Heavenly March, The 221 253 253
Heavenly Treasure 224 256
Heavenly Union 69
Heavenly Vision 207 206 206 206 206 206
Hebrew Children 266 266
Hebron 45 288a 288a
Hicks' Farewell 19a 19a 19a 19a 19a 19a
Holy City 66
Holy Manna 103 103 103 103 103 103
Holy War, The 170
Hope 272 272
Hopewell 326
Hosanna 61
Humble Penitent 162 172
Humiliation 88
Huntington 169 169 169 169 169 169
Hymn 160
I Love to Serve the Lord 158
I Want to Go to Glory 168
Idumea 31a 31a 31a 31a 31a 31a
Imandra 134 134 134 134 134 134
Imandra New 34b 34b 34b 34b 34b 34b
Immensity 38 319
In That Morning 173 194
Indian Convert 133 133
Indian's Farewell 25b 25b 25b 25b 25b 25b
Indian's Petition, The 269 269
Intercession 324b
Intrerrogation 217 249 249
Invitation 2 2 2 2 2 303
Invitation (New) 117
Invocation, 76.76. 94a 72b 72b 72b 72b 72b
Invocation, 87. 151
Ionia 165a
Isles of the South 86
Jefferson 42 42 42 42 42 42
Jerusalem, C. M. 60 60 60 60 60
Jerusalem, L. M. 11 11 11 11 11 11
Jordan 172
Jordan's Shore 318
Joy to the World 281b 281b
Jubilee 118 118 118 118 118 118
Judgment 47 47 47 47 47 47
Judgment Anthem 193 192 192 192 192
Judgment Hymn 109
Kambia 154a
Kedron 3b 3b 3b 3b 3b 3b
King of Peace 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b
Kingwood 98 98 98 98 98 98
Knoxville 142 140 140 140 140 140
Land of Pleasure 63 63 63 63 63 63
Leander 128 128 128 128 128 128
Legacy 73 73 73 73 73 73
Lena 149 149 149 149 149 149
Lenox 77 77 77 77 77 77
Lep'rous Jew, The 35
Let There Be Light 146
Liberty 68 68 68 68 68 68
Lindan 168b
Lisbon 154b
Liverpool 1 1 1 1 1 1
Livonia 105 105 105 105 105
Lone Pilgrim, The 256
Long Sought Home 302 302
Long Time Ago 313b
Lord is Great, The 28
Lord's Supper, The 86
Louisiana 62 62 62 62 62 62
Lover's Lamentation 181 181 181 181 181
Lovest Thou Me 164
Tune 1835 1837 1838 1840 1846 1847 1854
Loving Kindness 39
Luther 159a
Martial Trumpet, The 61 61 61 61 61 61
Martin 157
Marysville 6a 6a 6a 6a 6a 6a
Maryville 33
Mear 24b 24b 24b 24b 24b 24b
Meditation 4a 4a 4a 4a 4a 4a
Melinda 89 89 89 89 89
Mercy's Free 304
Messiah . 97 97 97 97 97 97
Metrical Index xxxii 218 218 232 176 304 336
Middlebrook 44
Middlebury 17a 17a 17a 17a 17a 17a
Midnight Cry, The 32 32 32 32 32 32
Midsummer 56
Milledgeville 300a 300a
Millennium 75 75 75 75 75 75
Minister's Farewell 14 14 14 14 14 14
Mission 96 96 96 96 96 96
Missionary Farewell 169 328
Missionary Herald 31
Missionary Hymn 111 111 111 111 111
Missionary Song 197
Missionary's Adieu 290b 290b
Mississippi 148 148 148 148 148 148
Moldering Vine, The 87 87 87 87 87 87
Montgomery 170 170 170 170 170 170
Morality 44 44 44 44 44 44
Morning Star 115 115 115 115 115 115
Morning Trumpet, The 195
Morning Worship 285b 285b
Mount Calvary 168 168 168 168 168
Mount Hope 142
Mount Zion 175 175 175 175 175 175
Mourner's Lamentation 103
Mutual Love 53a 53a 53a 53a 53a 53a
Narrow Way, The 289 289
Nashville 133 133 133 133 271b 271b
Never Part Again 198
New Britain 8a 8a 8a 8a 8a 8a
New Haven 159b
New Jerusalem 125 125 125 125 125 125
New Lebanon 159 159 159 159 159
New Orleans 76 76 76 76 76 76
New Topia 163 163 163 163 163 163
New Year 333b
Newburgh 296 296
Ninety-Fifth Psalm 27b 27b 27b 27b 27b 27b
Ninety-Third Psalm 7a 7a 7a 7a 7a 7a
North Salem 62
Northfield 283 283
Not Too Late 108
O Come, Come Away 144
Ocean 180 180 180 180 180 180
Ode on Science 211 210 210 210 210 210
Oh! Turn Sinner 263 263
Oh! Turn Ye 87
Oh, How Charming 160
Old Hundred 22a 22a 22a 22a 22a 22a
Olive Shade 330a
Olney 64 64 64 64 64 64
Ortonville 10b 10b
Our Journey Home 129 327
Pacolet 21 106 106 106 106 106b
Pardoning Love 268 268
Parting Friends 35b 35b 35b 35b 35b 35b
Parting Hand 113 113 113 113 113 113
Pastoral Elegy 147 147 147 147 147 147
Penitent's Prayer, The 290a 290a
Peterborough 183a
Pilgrim 150 150 150 150 150 150
Pilgrim's Desire, The 131
Pilgrim's Farewell 158 158 158 158 158 158
Pilgrim's Hope, The 154
Pilgrim's Lot. The 140 138 138 138 138 138
Pilgrim's Prayer 111b
Pilgrim's Song, The 20 106a
Pisgah 80 80 80 80 80 80
Pleading Savior 110
Pleasant Hill 66 66 66 66 66 66
Plenary 230 262 262
Portugal 30 287 287
Portuguese Hymn 136 136 136 136 136 136
Precious Bible 311a
Primrose 3a 3a 3a 3a 3a 3a
Prodigal, The 70 70 70 70 70
Promised Land, The 51 51 51 51 51 51
Prospect 92b 92b 92b 92b 92b 92b
Prospect of Heaven 24a 24a 24a 24a 24a 24a
Rapture 333a
Redeeming Grace 56 56 56 56 56
Redemption, 11s 146 144 144 144 144
Redemption, 12s & 11s. 64
Redemption, L. M. 108 108 108 108 108 108
Remember Me (Ballerma New) 60
Remember Me (New) 324a
Repentance 161 161 161 161 161 161
Repose 151 151 151 151 151 151
Resignation 54 38
Restoration 5b 5b 5b 5b 5b 5b
Returning Prodigal 140
Revival 106
Rhode Island 145-2 145 145 145 145 145
Ringe 53
Ripley 292 292
Rochester 279a 279a
Rock of Ages 275 275
Rock, The 60
Rockbridge 11 288b 288b
Rockingham 300b 300b
Romish Lady, The 82 82 82 82 82 82
Rose of Sharon 201 200 200 200 200 200b
Royal Proclamation 146-2 146 146 146 146 146
Sabbath Morning 171
Sacrament 7b 7b 7b 7b 7b
Sailor's Home, The 182
Saint's Delight, The 104 104 104 104 104 104
Saint's Exultation 126
Saint's Prosperity, The 166
Saints Bound for Heaven, The 226 258 258
Salem, C. M. 12 12 12 12 12 12
Salem, L. M. 53b 53b 53b 53b 53b 53b
Salutation 145 143 143 143 143 143
Salvation 84a 84a 84a 84a 84a 84a
Samanthra 58 322
Sardina 126 126 126 126 126 126
Schenectady 178 178 178 178 178 178
Separation 30 30 30 30 30 30
Shall I Ever Get to Heaven 119
Sharon 124 124 124 124 124 124
Shepherd 72 267b 267b
Shepherd's Star, The 310
Shepherds' Joy, The 42
Sherburne 280b 280b
Shirland 23 286 286
Shouting Pilgrim, The 163
Silver Street 280a 280a
Sincerity 101 101 101 101 101 101
Singing Christian, The 264 264
Social Band 26 112
Social Meeting 77
Soldier's Return, The 36 36 36 36 36 36
Solemn Thought 29 29 29 29 29 29
Solemnity 50
Solicitude 69 69 69 69 69 69
Solitude New 173 173 173 173 173 173b
Solitude in the Grove 38 38 38 38 38
Something New 222 254 254
Sometimes 83
Sons of War 152
Sophronia 35a 35a 35a 35a 35a
Sovereign Grace 25
Spartanburg 86 86 86 86 86
Spiritual Sailor, The 41 41 41 41 41 41
Sprague 284b 284b
Spring 165 165 165 165 165
Stanton 274 274
Star in the East 16 16 16 16 16 16 16
Star of Bethlehem 70
Star of Columbia 228 260 260
Stonington 279b 279b
Sufferings of Christ, The 105 85
Suffield 31b 31b 31b 31b 31b 31b
Sunbury 93
Supplication 5a 5a 5a 5a 5a 5a
Sweet Affliction 227 259 259
Sweet Flowers 134
Sweet Gliding Kedron 200a
Sweet Harmony 59 59 59 59 59 59
Sweet Heaven 312b
Sweet Home 219 174 251 251
Sweet Messenger 21
Sweet Moments 165
Sweet Prospect 139 137 137 137 137 137
Sweet Rivers 166 166 166 166 166 166
Sweet Solitude 155 155 155 155 155 155
Sweetest Pleasure 36a
Tender Care 331b
Tender-Hearted Christian 78
Tennessee 28 28 28 28 28 28
That Glorious Day 104
This World Is Not My Home 293b 293b
Thorny Desert 83 83 83 83 83 83
Thou Art Passing Away 329
Transport 152 152 152 152 152 152
Traveler, The 79 79 79 79 79 79
Traveling Pilgrim 313a
Tribulation 119 119 119 119 119 119
True Happiness 127 127 127 127 127 127
Trumpet, The 57 57 57 57 57 57
Trumpeters, The 301 301
Turtle Dove, The 43 43 43 43 43 43
Union 39b 39b 39b 39b 39b 39b
Upton 153a
Uxbridge 52 173a
Vale of Sorrow 97
Vernon 34a 34a 34a 34a 34a 34a
Volunteers 90
Walking with God 81
War Department 94b 94b 94b 94b 94b 94b
Warfare, The 129
Warrenton 94 94a 94a 94a 94a
Warwick 291b 291b
Washington 67 67 67 67 67 67
Watchman 12 284a 284a
Watchman's Call, The 65 65 65 65 65 65
Watchman, Tell Us of the Night 112
Way to Canaan 18b
Weary Pilgrim's Consolation, The 298 298
Webster 10a 10a 10a 10a 10a 10a
Weeping Mary 102
Weeping Savior 7b
Welch 109 109 109 109 109 109
Wells 278a 278a
Welton 153b
Wesley 114 114 114 114 114 114
When I Am Gone 305
Whitestown 135 135 135 135 135 135
Will You Go 124
Willoughby 277 277
Wilmot 165b
Windham 48a 48a 48a 48a 48a 48a
Winter 293a 293a
Wondrous Love 220 252 252
Woodland 110 110 110 110 110 110
Worcester 157 157 157 157 157 157
Worthy the Lamb 92
Young Convert, The 308
Zion 278b 278b
Zion's Light 270 270
Zion's Soldier 119

Sources for Table 1

Edition Title Pref. Copy Index Pages Comments
1835 1835 1835 1835 xxxi 216 Archive.org, from Oberlin College
1837 1837 1835 1835 217 218 Described in D. Music 2012
1838 1838 1835 1835 217 218 Described in H. Eskew 1996
1840 1840 1835 1835 231 232 1845 reprint from Archive.org
1846 1860 1845 1845 175 176 Southern and Western Pocket Harmonist, 1860 reprint from Archive.org
1847 1847 1847 303 304 Archive.org
1854 1854 1847 335 336 Reprint Los Angeles 1966, Archive.org, etc.