Znamenny chant (Russian: Знаменное пение, знаменный распев) is a singing tradition used in the Russian Orthodox Church. Znamenny chant is unison, melismatic liturgical singing that has its own specific notation, called Kryuki (Russian: крюки) or Znamena (Russian: знамена). Znamenny melodies are part of a system, consisting of Eight Modes (intonation structures); the melodies are characterized by fluency and well-balancedness. There exist several types of Znamenny chant: the so-called Stolpovoy, Malyj (Little) and Bolshoy (Great) Znamenny chant.
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